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During the Tjukurrpa (Creation Era) Tingari ancestor beings gathered at a series of sites for Malliera (Initiation) Ceremonies. They travelled vast stretches of the country, performing rituals at specific sites that in turn created the diverse natural features of the environment (depicted here as circles). The Tingari men were accompanied by novices and usually followed by Tingari Women. The creation stories and rituals form the song cycles and ceremonies of today, used in part, for the teachings of the post initiatory youths, whilst also providing explanations for contemporary customs.
The secret knowledge connected with Tingari stories is traditionally revealed only to initiated Pintupi men in song cycles performed in ceremonies. The stories involve the journeys of ancestral beings as they travelled across the country creating landforms and establishing law. Because secret knowledge is hidden in Tingari paintings, only limited information can be shared with the uninitiated.